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Red Sparrow / Kursk [2DVD] (English audio. English subtitles)

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Despite the many lapses in procedures and equipment, Ustinov said no charges would be filed because the disaster was caused by a technical malfunction and blame could not be placed on specific individuals. He said that all of the sailors had died within eight hours and none of them could have been rescued in the time available. At a news conference announcing the end of the official inquiry, he absolved the torpedo's manufacturer of any fault. "Those who designed the torpedo couldn't foresee the possibility of its explosion." He also said there was no evidence that the torpedo had been damaged when it was loaded onto Kursk. [83]

The fact is that these [vehicles] were created especially for use with various types of submarines, including for the Kursk," Kuznetsov says. "But they were never, not once, tested with it -- not during sea trials, not during the submarine's [four years of] service, and not during the preparation for these exercises." Would the families of the 118 sailors who died in the disaster ever find it possible to forgive the men responsible for allowing such notoriously unstable weapons on board?

At 11:29:34 (07:29:34 GMT), seismic detectors at the Norwegian seismic array (NORSAR) and in other locations around the world recorded a seismic event of magnitude 1.5 on the Richter scale. [15] The location was fixed at coordinates 69°38′N 37°19′E / 69.633°N 37.317°E / 69.633; 37.317, north-east of Murmansk, approximately 250km (160mi) from Norway, and 80km (50mi) from the Kola Peninsula. [16] Secondary event [ edit ] Weir, Gary E. and Boyne, Walter J. (2003), Rising Tide: The Untold Story Of The Russian Submarines That Fought The Cold War. Basic Books, NY, NY. ISBN 978-0465091126 There had been calls not to disturb the 'graveyard' of those who died but the government said the Kursk must be raised to avoid any potential danger to the environment from its nuclear reactors. Notwithstanding the navy's oft-stated position that a collision with a foreign vessel had triggered the event, [26] a report issued by the government attributed the disaster to a torpedo explosion caused when high-test peroxide (HTP), a form of highly concentrated hydrogen peroxide, leaked from a faulty weld in the torpedo's casing. [5] [12] [27] The report found that the initial explosion destroyed the torpedo room compartment and killed everyone in the first compartment. [28] [29] The blast entered the second and perhaps the third and fourth compartments through an air conditioning vent. All of the 36 men in the command post located in the second compartment were immediately incapacitated by the blast wave and possibly killed. [30] The first explosion caused a fire that raised the temperature of the compartment to more than 2,700°C (4,890°F). [31] The heat caused the warheads of between five and seven additional torpedoes to detonate, creating an explosion equivalent to 2–3 tons of TNT [32] that measured 4.2 on the Richter magnitude scale on seismographs across Europe [33] and was detected as far away as Alaska. [34] Alternative explanation [ edit ] Moore, Robert (2003). A Time to Die–The Untold Story of the Kursk Tragedy. New York: Crown Publishers, Random House. pp. 65–66. ISBN 0-609-61000-7.

The Komsomolskaya Pravda tabloid published a report in June 2001 that senior officers in the Russian Navy had engaged in an elaborate deception to cover the actual cause of the disaster. This referred to statements that the boat's captain, Gennady Lyachin, had sent a message to headquarters immediately prior to the explosion, "We have a malfunctioning torpedo. Request permission to fire it," [9] though it is unlikely that, as captain of the vessel, he would have needed to request permission under such circumstances. [19]

Northern Fleet’s slow response

Rescue divers did not attempt to tap on the hull to signal potential survivors acoustically. [34] However, video evidence seems to suggest otherwise, as it shows Norwegian divers tapping on the aft rescue hatch while the rescue part of the operation was still underway. [36] In raising the Kursk - an operation led by the Dutch Mammoet-Smit international consortium - the navy also hopes to determine the cause of its sinking, which remains unknown.

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